Common names of broom in English are Common broom, English broom, European broom, Irish broom, Scots broom, Scottish broom.
Broom is a perennial leguminous shrub native to western and central Europe. It is also found in India, South America, western North America, Australia, and New Zealand. It grows along with river systems, in native grassland and pasture, and open woodland, including a wide range of disturbed and undisturbed communities.
Broom grows up to 3 m tall, rarely to 4 m. The shrubs have green shoots with small deciduous trifoliate leaves 5-15 mm long. In spring and summer, they are covered in profuse golden-yellow flowers. Flowering occurs after 50–80 growing degree days. In late summer, its legumes mature black.
The medicinal part is derived from the young, herbaceous tips of the flowering branches and seeds.
Traditional Uses and Benefits
- Broom blossoms have been traditionally used for making an ointment to cure gout.
- The broom’s decoction is beneficial for dropsy, black jaundice, ague, gout, sciatica, and various pains of the hips and joints.
- A tablespoonful of powdered seeds in a glass of peppermint water was taken daily for liver complaints and ague.
- The broom’s decoction is recommended in herbal medicine for bladder, kidney affections, and chronic dropsy.
- Young herbaceous tips of flowering shoots have cardiotonic, cathartic, emetic, diuretic, and vasoconstrictor.
- In the treatment of heart complaints, the plant is used internally. It acts on the heart’s electrical conductivity, slowing the transmission of impulses and regulating them.
- It is a bitter narcotic herb that decreases breathing and controls heart activity. Broom acts on the heart’s electrical conductivity, slowing the transmission of impulses and regulating them.
- The broom helps boost urine production and counters the retention of fluid in the body.
- The broom can be applied to the skin for sore muscles, pockets of infection, and swelling.
Dosage and Precautions
To prepare an infusion, add 1 tsp of aerial parts broom into 200 ml of water. Use it two times a day (night and morning).
To prepare a decoction, boil one teaspoon of flowering part or seeds in 1 cup of water. Take one or two cups per day (night and morning).
Warning: Large doses can cause purging, vomiting, weakening heart, lowered nerve strength, low blood pressure, and even fatal poisoning. Advanced toxicity stages can lead to complete respiratory collapse.
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