Centaury is also known as Erythraea Centaurium, bitter herb, centory, lesser centaury, centaury gentian, European centaury, Christ’s ladder, common centaury, feverwort, and filwort.


Centaury is native to the Mediterranean and Europe1. The plant is commonly found on the coast in Wales, Ireland, and England. It grows at side edges and hills. This plant tends to live and boom in dry dirt and a sandy environment.



Taxonomic information

Order: Gentianales

Family: Gentianaceae – gentianes, gentians.

Genus: Centaurium Hill

Species: Centaurium erythraea Rafn



There are at least 40 Centaurium species2. Centaury grows approximately 0.5 meters in height. The root is woody as well as fibrous. It starts as a short basal rosette and grows into a leafy, straight stem.

The leaves are triangular and arranged in opposite directions. A single inflorescence can carry several flowers. The flowers have five sections and are pinkish-lavender in color. The fruit has a cylindrical capsule shape.

Chemical compounds

Centaury contains brassicasterol, stigmasterol, phenolic acids, secoiridoid, glycosides, sweroside, and swertiamarin.

Part used

The whole plant extracts and aerial parts are used for therapeutic purposes!

Traditional Uses and Benefits

In traditional and alternative medicine, centaury is used for killing worms. Sometimes it is also used as a sedative. Sometimes, the extract helps in curing snakebite and different wounds.

Centaury extract is proven to heal and relieve jaundice cases.

This plant has a potential effect on the liver. It also promotes blood purification and improves kidney health.

For patients with high fever, the Erythraea Centaurium drugs are helpful.

As a herb, it can stimulate hunger and enhance digestion by enhancing the creation of gastric secretions.

The Centaury extract has mild anti-inflammatory and antimutagenic effects.

Centaury drugs are helpful for sufferers of liver and gastric disorders.

There is insufficient evidence that Centaury drugs can treat chronic pain, stomach problems. Further research is necessary to support these claims.


Dosage and Precautions

There is no verified dose. According to the German Commission E monograph, 1-2gm of the herb is usually suitable for adults3. A 6-gm dose should be given to treat inflammation and dyspepsia. Age, sex, and other diseases all influence dosages and precautions.


There are no cases of toxicity that have been proven or reported4. It is a safe herb if you consume in a small dose.


Administering any drugs for a long time and high-dose can create different health complications in different patients.

For a pregnant woman, the Centaury drugs may not be safe. The Erythraea Centaurium drugs may have an adverse effect with pre-surgery and post-surgery drugs. It has sedative effects, so centaury extract is not recommended for children. Consuming it for a long time can make you addicted.



The content and information on newerapost for information and educational purposes only. It is not for self-diagnosis and self-treatment. The content is not a medical manual. Before beginning the use of any prescription, medication and pursuing any self-treatment, all readers should consult a physician.

The information given in this article is intended to help you make informed decisions for your health. You must consult with your doctor before pursuing any natural remedies if you are under care for any health condition.

Do not take any vitamins, minerals, herbs, or other supplements without consulting your doctor, if you are taking any medication. The website does not make a representation, express or implied, regarding the accuracy of the information and does not accept any single responsibility for any errors or misuse.



  1. Indigenous: Retrieved from the wikipedia.org website. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centaurium_erythraea
  2. Species of Centaurium: Retrieved from the lucidcentral.org website. https://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/media/Html/centaurium_erythraea.htm
  3. German Commission E monograph: Retrieved from the drugs.com website. https://www.drugs.com/npc/centaury.html
  4. No supported: Retrieved from the webmd.com website. https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-399/centaury