Did you know that coriander is one of the oldest spices in human history? It’s been used as a natural remedy for centuries. In ancient times, this medicinal herb was used to treat stomach ailments and skin conditions. Coriander has been found to have many health benefits, including relieving nausea, aiding digestion, reducing inflammation, and fighting against cancer and other illnesses. Keep reading to learn more about this wonderful medicinal herb.


It is also known as Chinese parsley, dhania, or cilantro.


Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum)


Coriander was originally grown in the Mediterranean region but now grows all over the world, including Asia, Africa, America, and Europe.

Coriander has been cultivated in India for centuries and was introduced into China from there. It grows best on well-drained, sandy soils that are not too dry or moist.  Coriander can be grown successfully on light-textured loams with a high organic matter content.



Coriander is an annual herb that can grow to a height of two feet. Its leaves are dark green and pointed, with small hairs on the underside. Coriander tastes like citrus when raw, but upon cooking, it has onion or garlic flavors.

Part used

The leaves, seeds, and essential oil are used in herbal medicine. Seeds for indigestion and leaves are a rich source of Vitamin A and have anti-inflammatory properties.

Coriander seeds and leaves are used extensively as culinary herbs.


Traditional Uses and Benefits

Coriander is a great spice to include in your cooking. It provides anti-inflammatory benefits, which can help with arthritis and other inflammatory diseases like Crohn’s disease.

Coriander seeds contain essential oils which are rich in linalool and alpha terpene alcohols. These chemicals have antiseptic properties, so this herb may have been used in treating wounds caused by infections such as skin ulcers or burns.

 It is a good source of fiber, protein, and healthy fats. In particular, it contains lignans such as sesamin which may help reduce cholesterol levels in the body.

Coriander is high in fiber which can aid digestion and help with weight loss. its essential oils have an anti-gas effect, which may be helpful for indigestion or flatulence.

Coriander has been traditionally used for lowering blood pressure. It contains a nutrient called Corilin, which is said to help lower blood pressure in people with hypertension and reduce anxiety levels.

Coriander is a medicinal herb that can be used as an alternative cure for mouth ulcers. Its extracts effectively alleviate toothache, gum disease, and even jaw ache.

Coriander is also believed to help inhibit tumor growth. It contains a compound called DADH, which inhibits topoisomerase II, preventing DNA replication and reproduction of cancer cells.

Coriander seeds contain tannins that have been shown to lower blood sugar levels. It also contains powerful antioxidants, including quercetin and apigenin, which control the effects of diabetes.

Coriander seeds are traditionally used to prevent or treat viral infections, inflammation, colds, and influenza in traditional Chinese medicine.

Coriander is a source of Coriandrum Oil, which helps in reducing cholesterol levels and lowers the risk of heart disease.

It is also rich in vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant that fights against free radicals – the cause for cell damage.

Coriander contains Coriantinoid A & Coriantinoid B, natural compounds with excellent antibacterial effects. Coriantinoid A inhibits some 96 strains of bacteria, including those responsible for dental plaque.

Coriander contains a unique group of plant chemicals called phthalides that studies suggest may protect the brain from aging and warn against age-related neurological disorders.

It is rich in antioxidants, which are important for supporting your immune system and healthy aging.

Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum)


The leaves, seeds, and essential oil are used in herbal medicine. The leaves can be harvested just before the flowers appear. They can be dried and stored for a year or so, although they lose their flavor within weeks of harvesting if left lying around in a warm place. The seeds can be ground up into powder or used whole. The oil is used as an essential oil.

Dosage and Precautions

Coriander seed: 500 mg to 3 g per day (1/2 teaspoon). When using coriander seed, it’s should not exceed this dosage as it may cause liver damage.

Coriander should not be used in patients with high blood pressure or by pregnant or lactating women.



  1. Coriander – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coriander
  2. Cilantro Pests, Diseases, Natural Control Tips (With …. https://plantinterrarium.com/cilantro-pests-diseases-natural-control-tips-with-images/
  3. Gleaning: beyond the subsistence narrative | SpringerLink. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40152-020-00200-3
  4. 8 Surprising Health Benefits of Coriander. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/coriander-benefits
  5. Coriander Facts, Health Benefits and Nutritional Value. https://www.healthbenefitstimes.com/coriander/



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