Cowslip (Primula veris) is a hardy perennial flowering plant that has been used for centuries to treat skin conditions such as acne, eczema, and psoriasis. It has anti-inflammatory properties, which can help with arthritis and other joint pain. Cowslip is an herbal remedy that anyone can use because it’s safe for all ages!


Cowslip (Primula veris) has many common names: common cowslip, butter rose, Key flower, and coughwort. It is also known as Primroses because its flowers look like other members of this family (Primula).


Cowslip (Primula Veris)


Cowslip (Primula veris) is a herbaceous perennial plant that typically grows in damp and shady locations, such as the edge of forests. Cowslips thrive best in wet areas with some shade from trees or other vegetation.

It is native to Europe and Asia. It has been introduced and naturalized in eastern North America, from Quebec and Ontario south to Michigan, New York, and Connecticut.




Cowslip has long, skinny leaves with intricate markings which are reminiscent of fingerprints on their margins. The flowers are usually on unbranched stems high above ground level.

Cowslips have long stems which measure up to 12 inches tall before they produce flowers.  They have eight large pointed yellowish-green sepals with long hairs inside them at their base that end up looking like petals because they open outwards but only for pollination purposes, as well as shorter white or pinkish ones within these which fall off after fertilization.

There are also three broad overlapping green bracts fused along one edge, each containing six rows of small greenish-yellow flowers. The fruits are three large carpels, each containing one seed.

Part Used

The flower, leaves, and roots are used to make herbal medicine. The root can be infused to make an antibacterial tea or into a tincture. You can make cowslip flowers into teas, infusions, tinctures, or herbal oils.

Cowslip (Primula Veris)

Traditional Uses and Benefits

The plant has been used for the treatment of bronchitis, coughs, and colds. American herbalism is considered an excellent remedy for fevers due to a congested liver or spleen, chronic dysentery, and lung congestion.

When taken at the first signs of colds or influenza-type viruses, it may lessen their severity and duration. This could be due to its content of vitamin C, which aids in reducing nasal congestion caused by upper respiratory infections.

Cowslip tea is a good source of potassium and magnesium, which help to relax the muscles. Cowslip also helps to ease cramps.

Cowslips are beneficial when dealing with constipation because of their high levels of dietary fiber content (pectin). This combination helps promote regular bowel movements and soothe digestive issues such as abdominal pain or discomfort alongside diarrhea.

Cowslip has a calming effect on the nerves and muscles, easing insomnia. It also aids in inducing sleep if taken before bedtime. Cowslip can also help with hysteria.

A salve made from Cowslip roots may effectively relieve skin problems such as psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis, or other chronic dry-skin conditions by healing irritated tissues and restoring elasticity to aging skin cells.

The herb has been traditionally used as an herbal remedy for headaches, especially when accompanied by high fever due to colds or influenza-type viruses.

The herb contains potassium that helps regulate heart rhythms while relieving high blood pressure, angina symptoms, nausea associated with cardiac disturbances like palpitations.

Cowslip can help ease asthma symptoms when taken as a tea or tincture due to its content of bioflavonoids and quercetin that inhibit the inflammatory response, along with other plant components such as saponins flavones and coumarins, which possess anti-inflammatory properties.

The herb is said to have an important role in preventing mania and depression by strengthening self-esteem while aiding mental clarity – this could be because of its high vitamin B12 content from cyanocobalamin goitrogens found in its roots.

It is used traditionally for hemorrhages or bleeding disorders such as heavy bleeding during menstruation or following childbirth, nosebleeds, and excessive blood loss from wounds.

 Primula Veris

Cowslip Syrup Recipe

– Cowslips are harvested in the spring before flowering. Fresh flowers and fresh leaves can be used, but dried is better for making syrup because dry plants have a higher concentration of active ingredients than fresh ones.

– Steep cowslip flowers or leaves overnight with water (double the amount if using fresh).

– Strain out the plant material and collect the liquid that has been infused. This will produce an infusion solution to which sugar may be added at a ratio of one part sugar per three parts liquid volume/weight. Add enough honey to make it taste good! You can also add lemon juice or apple cider vinegar for added health benefits. Add a pinch of peppermint or cinnamon if you want your cowslip syrup recipe to taste like cough syrup.

Dosage and Precautions

Cowslip is generally safe for most people but can have side effects if taken in large quantities.

Cowslip tea brewed from its leaves can be taken twice daily in half-cup doses. A tincture of equal parts dried Cowslips may be administered three times per day in one-ounce doses.

Some side effects may occur after using this herb, including diarrhea or skin rash (burning sensation). It shouldn’t be given to children under two years old because it could cause liver damage at higher dosages. People should not take cowslip if they have liver or kidney diseases.

Pregnant women should not use cowslip because it may cause miscarriage, and these flowers contain substances that act like estrogens.


  1. Cowslip Whole — Sunrise Botanics.
  2. A Modern Herbal | cowslip.
  3. Primula veris – Wikipedia.
  4. Cowslip facts and health benefits.



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